GV Hawaii Adrift

Imagery and Language: Learning English; Adrift in Hawaii

Archive for the ‘Language’ Category

Strange things seen in America.

Posted by joegre on November 23, 2008

This time I’d like to mention a few things that I’ve seen in this country which made me curious.

First of all I’d like to mention the cars here. I’ve heard that you get a fine if somebody in your car has no belt on, but it’s legal to carry peoples on the loading platform of your pickup on the Highway. Strange country.

But some stuff is really nice too. I like the ”rescue” surfboards of the lifeguards here. imgp1312I like the though that they rescue surfers with a surfboard; it’s somehow more organic then with a jet boat. So I see that it makes sense that lifeguards have surfboards. But what the hack do the firefighters have surfboards for? This looks like a joke:foto-0092So the local firefighters get the second place for being somewhat weird. But the first place belongs to something else: I mean I know this is a different country with a rich culture which might look strange to me. And I also know that fast food is an important part of the American Way of Life. BUT: Have you ever seen the haul down the flag ceremony at Burger King? It takes place every day at 6:15 p.m. Don’t believe it? Go to see it!imgp1321

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Adjective + Preposition Assessment

Posted by Josh on October 30, 2008

Directions: In the comment area beneath this post, write either a dialogue or short description/story (at least 200 words broken into at least 2 paragraphs) using 5 or more of the adjectives in the table below. Be sure to use the appropriate preposition with each. Satisfactory work will include the above mentioned criteria. Excellent work will include further adjective + preposition combinations as well as excellent punctuation and capitalization.

guilty

committed

addicted

involved

bored

afraid

proud

tired

disappointed

accustomed

interested

opposed

capable

concerned

responsible

happy

dedicated

excited

famous

worried

 


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Commas and Run-Ons Oh! My!

Posted by Josh on October 29, 2008

Watch these great slide shows for review.

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For Las Chicas

Posted by Josh on October 28, 2008

about alrededor de, sobre above por encima de
after detrás de, después de among entre (tres o más)
at en, junto a before antes de, delante de
behind detrás de below debajo de
beneath debajo de beside junto a
between entre (dos o más) but excepto, pero
by por, junto a down hacia abajo
except excepto for para, por, durante, desde hace
from de, desde in en, dentro de
into en, adentro like como, igual a
near cerca de of de
off de (alejándose), fuera de on en, sobre
over por encima de, al otro lado since desde
through a través de throughout por todo
till = until hasta to a, hasta, hacia
under por debajo de up hacia arriba
upon (poniendo) sobre, encima with con
without sin

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This is Funny!

Posted by Josh on October 28, 2008


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Giving Directions

Posted by Josh on October 28, 2008

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CAPITALIZATION

Posted by Josh on October 25, 2008

After reading and color coding all of your posts, it became surprisingly clear that you would all benefit from a review of English capitalization rules.

What is capitalization? Let’s see what Wikipedia has to say…

Capitalization is writing a word with its first letter as a majuscule (upper case letter) and the remaining letters in minuscules (lower case letters), in those writing systems which have a case distinction. The term is also used more broadly to refer to any aspect of using upper and lower case letters.

Ready for some capitalization rules?

Now you should be ready for some practice!

Complete this quiz and post your score here as a

comment.

Posted in English, Grammar, Language | 3 Comments »

Rules for Irregular Plural Formation of Nouns

Posted by Josh on October 25, 2008


The majority of nouns in English spell their plural by simply adding a final -s. Nouns that are noncount or abstract (e.g., cheese, sugar, honesty, intelligence) generally take a singular verb, but in some instances can be plural, in which case they follow the rules for plural based on their spelling. Also, there are some categories of words which are only plural, even though their spelling does not reflect this. They are included in a list at the end of this page. For irregular count nouns and nouns that have been borrowed from other languages, the rules are as follows: Variations of the final -s rule:

  • Nouns that end with -s, -z, -x, -sh, -ch Add -es
    glass/glasses, buzz/buzzes, box/boxes, bush/bushes, switch/switches
  • Nouns that end in -o Add -es
    potato/potatoes, echo/echoes, hero/heroes
  • Nouns that end in a consonant + -y Change -y to -i and add -es
    baby/babies, spy/spies, poppy/poppies
  • Nouns that end in -f, or -fe Change the -f to -v and add -es
    shelf/shelves, wolf/wolves, knife/knives, wife/wives

Nouns adopted from other languages:

  • Singular ends in -is
      Plural ends in -esanalysis/analyses, basis/bases
  • Singular ends in -um
      Plural ends in -adatum/data, curriculum/curricula
  • Singular ends in -on
      Plural ends in -acriterion/criteria, phenomenon/phenomena
  • Singular ends in -a
      Plural ends in -aeformula/formulae, antenna/antennae
  • Singular ends in -ex or -ix
      Plural ends in -icesappendix/appendices, index/indices
  • Singular ends in -us
      Plural ends in -ifocus/foci, stimulus/stimuli
  • Singular ends in -us
      Plural ends in -acorpus/corpora, genus/genera
  • Singular ends in -eau
      Plural ends in -eauxbureau/bureaux, beau/beaux

Nouns that have only a plural form and so take a plural verb

  • Things that come in pairs
      Tools: glasses, scissors, binoculars, forceps, tongs, tweezersClothes: jeans, pants, pajamas, shorts, trousers
  • Nouns that end in -s but have no singular (aggregate nouns)
      accommodations, amends, archives, arms (weapons), bowels, intestines, brains (intellect), clothes, communications, congratulations, contents,
  • Nouns that are plural but do not end in -s
      people, police, cattle, people

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Rules for Irregular Spelling of Verb Inflections

Posted by Josh on October 25, 2008


Verb inflections include any endings added to the base form of the verb. These include -s, -ing, and -ed. Spelling for the majority of verbs is regular, and the inflections are simply added to the base form. For a few verbs, though, the spelling does change, and the rules are outlined below. For more information on irregular verbs and verb tenses, please see the List of Irregular Verbs at this web site.


Doubling of Consonants 1. If the base form ends in a single consonant and the preceding vowel is stressed and spelled with only one letter, double the consonant before adding -ing and -ed

occur/occurring, swim/swimming, ship/shipping

2. If the preceding vowel is unstressed or spelled with two vowels, do not double the consonant

enter/entering, visit/visiting, develop/developing, dread/dreading, appeal/appealing, shout/shouting

3. If the base form ends in -c, change the -c to -ck

panic/panicking, picnic/picnicking

4. There are exceptions with some verbs ending in -l, -m, and -p

travel–traveling or travelling
program–programing or programming
worship–worshiping or worshipping


Deletion or Addition of -e 1. If the base form ends in an unpronounced -e, drop the -e before adding -ing and -ed inflections

create/creating, type/typing, bake/baking

2. For monosyllabic verbs ending in -ye, -oe, or -nge, keep the final -e before -ing, but drop it before -ed

dye–dyeing/dyed
hoe–hoeing/hoed
singe–singeing/singed

3. If the base form ends in -ie or -ee, drop the final -e before -ed

die/died, agree/agreed, tie/tied

4. If the verb ends in -s, -z, -x, -sh, and -ch, add -e before the -s ending

pass/passes, buzz/buzzes, coax/coaxes, wash/washes, watch/watches


Treatment of -y 1. If the base form ends in -y, change the -y to -ie

carry/carries, try/tries

2. If the base form ends in -ed, change the -y to -i

carry/carried, try/tried

3. Following a vowel or preceding -ing, the -y remains

stay/stayed, toy/toying, try/trying, carry/carrying

4. If the base form ends in -ie, change the -ie to -y before -ing

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My english story

Posted by ramyleo on October 23, 2008

My first lessons I had at school I was about 15 years old. It was not obligatory to chose it but I did because of all the songs were written in English and all the stars have spoken English as well. Everybody said at that time that it was important for the future – so it is now. After school I was an apprentice and I studied for another 3 years English. Now that’s a few years ago and for my new job I needed this language a bit more so I started again with lessons for adults 3 years ago. At the beginning of 2008 I had a lot of days of my vacations left and I talked to my boss to go a fiew weeks to a country where native people speak English. He liked the Idea and so I searched for a good destination which combines the feeling of holidays and learning the language in the best way.  So I found Hawaii and felt immediately enthusiastic. Now I’m here and I can’t believe it! I am on the other side of the world and on the other side of life…

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From Germany to Hawaii

Posted by schlumpf84 on October 23, 2008

I started to learn English in school at the age of 12. We started with short words and looked at pictures. My first teacher was very friendly and did well working with children. The second was very strict. Everybody was afraid of her and looked forward to the end of every lesson. We did not enjoy ot and were hoping that it would change… but it did not! At the end of school I was half-prepared and wanted to improve my English. That´s why I thought about going to England and live there for half a year.
I went to Butlins, a holiday camp in the east of England, called Skeggness, and worked in a bar. It was a great experience, but I did not speak a lot, so I decided to go back to Germany. I won´t missing these four month, but I would not do it again.
After my return, I studied and finished it last august and wanted to leave home before I start working for my whole life. That´s how I came here and till now, I really enjoy ot and had a great time! I like the active way of teaching and the small class of just a few students and the age of the teachers, because in Germany most of them are older…

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My Experience with English

Posted by guenter1960 on October 23, 2008

The first experience with the English language was very bad for me. It was in the 5 grade in school and we had to learn a few English words. I forgot the homework and didn’t know when the teacher asked me. So the teacher shouted to me and hit me in the face. After this experience I always did my homework and finished class with a”very good”. The second experience with English was 5 years later and? was the opposite. I traveled to California and was able to talk with different people. Because the knowledge was at a low level most of the people were very friendly to me and helped me as much they could. This was for me the motivation to practice a lot of English vocabulary the next few years.

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English

Posted by ninsl on October 23, 2008

I had English for five years at school but it’s 6 years ago… It was fun because it is great to learn another language. The teacher was good, but to nice, because there were some people who were always disturbing our lessons. So i thought that I didn’t learn a lot in my english lessons at school.I really don’t know how i reached that level at Global Village.

I nearly never used my English in Switzerland. Maybe once to twice time to help a tourist or speak to someone of the French Part of Switzerland, that because my french is even inferior than my english…

I don’t know a lot about grammar, that’s why I just make the sentences with my feeling. I can’t explain why I have to take that or this word. I just do it.

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English!!

Posted by marianacandia on October 23, 2008

I have been learning English since I was in kindergarden. I really like English. I think that ? is very important to know English because it is the most important language in the world.

If I want to have a good job, I definitely have to know English. In my job we have a lot of American clients and they always request someone who speaks English, so if I want to have American clients, I must speak to them in English. It doesn’t matter if you are the best lawyer in Mexico, because the important thing for American people is to find someone who ? explain them in English their legal problems. They really like to understand what’ s going on.

Learning English is a very difficult goal, but it is neccesary!!!! I have to improve my English because my boss is expecting a lot of me!

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My English Experience

Posted by gvcholita on October 23, 2008

My experience with English as a second language since I was in Kindergarten in Mexico all the middle class and up go to private schools that are often bilingual, english and spanish speaking schoools so I am used to hearing English and attending English lessons, but it stills remain as a difficult problem for me ? I find some trouble in fluently speaking, I think I am better in writting and listening than speaking and pronunciation, ? many words are spelled the same as in Spanish but they have a very different pronunciation, here all the words are pronunced softly and in Mexico we speake and pronaunce words in a stronger way? we make slouder sounds for word pronunciation.

I think I will never stop learning English ? I think it’s very important to speak English in a high level, ? you can always get a better job and better paid, in Mexico it’s often one of the requests if you want to get a job you must be able to speak and write English in a 80-100 % so you must be avaible to speak with English speaking clients and have a higher standard for your company.

For my job it is very important to speak and really comprehend English because we are dealing all the time with international clients and all of them speak English, sor me English is the Universal Language ? everybody speaks English all over the worls, so it’s the easiest way to communicate with opther countries and cultures and to learn from them and really get to know how to deal with their business and legal problems.

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